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Asymmetric stem cell division and germ cell immortality

Speaker:
Yukiko Yamashita
Institution:
University of Michigan | Professor, Department of Cell & Developmental Biology | Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Seminar date:
Monday, January 22, 2018 - 12:00
Location:
HCK 132

Asymmetric cell division is a fundamental mechanism to diversify cell fates. Adult stem cells often divide asymmetrically to generate one stem cell and one differentiating cell to maintain tissue homeostasis. Non-random sister chromatid segregation has been proposed as a potential mechanism utilized by stem cells to protect the genome from mutations or to confer distinct epigenetic information to daughter cells. However, the underlying mechanisms or the biological significance of such a phenomenon has never been directly demonstrated. Previously, the Yamashita lab has shown that X and Y chromosomes exhibit non-random sister chromatid segregation during asymmetric divisions of Drosophila male germline stem cells. Here Dr. Yamashita describes the first identification of cis- and trans-elements that confer non-random sister chromatid segregation to X and Y chromosomes: they found that rDNA loci are critical for non-random sister chromatid segregation and further identified an uncharacterized zinc-finger protein as rDNA binding protein required for non-random sister chromatid segregation. Dr. Yamashita will further discuss the biological meaning of this phenomenon.

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