|Title||Coordination of microtubule and microfilament dynamics by Drosophila Rho1, Spire and Cappuccino|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2006|
|Authors||Rosales-Nieves AE, Johndrow JE, Keller LC, Magie CR, Pinto-Santini DM, Parkhurst SM|
|Journal||Nat Cell Biol|
|ISBN Number||1465-7392 (Print)1465-7392 (Linking)|
|Keywords||Actins/metabolism, Animals, Cross-Linking Reagents, Drosophila melanogaster/cytology/*metabolism, Drosophila Proteins/*metabolism, Male, Female, Microfilament Proteins/*metabolism, Microfilaments/*metabolism, Microtubules/*metabolism, rho GTP-Binding Proteins/*metabolism|
The actin-nucleation factors Spire and Cappuccino (Capu) regulate the onset of ooplasmic streaming in Drosophila melanogaster. Although this streaming event is microtubule-based, actin assembly is required for its timing. It is not understood how the interaction of microtubules and microfilaments is mediated in this context. Here, we demonstrate that Capu and Spire have microtubule and microfilament crosslinking activity. The spire locus encodes several distinct protein isoforms (SpireA, SpireC and SpireD). SpireD was recently shown to nucleate actin, but the activity of the other isoforms has not been addressed. We find that SpireD does not have crosslinking activity, whereas SpireC is a potent crosslinker. We show that SpireD binds to Capu and inhibits F-actin/microtubule crosslinking, and activated Rho1 abolishes this inhibition, establishing a mechanistic basis for the regulation of Capu and Spire activity. We propose that Rho1, cappuccino and spire are elements of a conserved developmental cassette that is capable of directly mediating crosstalk between microtubules and microfilaments.