Knowledge of fundamental physiological processes is still very much in its infancy for the remarkably diverse, polyphyletic invertebrate animals. Research in our lab seeks to fill this gap. We are particularly interested in the physiological processes that underpin animal success to environmental constraints across a diversity of body forms and functions within a species (i.e., life stages) and between species. Our research questions, and the tools that are used in the lab, span multiple levels of biological organization in organisms from both laboratory-based and natural settings to address pressing questions in the field of invertebrate physiology. Current research interests include (but are not limited to) elucidating novel ion-transport mechanisms and osmoregulatory strategies in aquatic arthropods (e.g. mosquito larvae and amphipod crustaceans) in both freshwater and marine environments, and aspects of nitrogen metabolism in disease-transmitting adult mosquitoes. The main goal of this lab is to understand how animals "work" and to provide a training environment whereby the capacity for growth and independence of trainees is front and center.