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Genetic evidence that cellulose synthase activity influences microtubule cortical array organization.
|Title||Genetic evidence that cellulose synthase activity influences microtubule cortical array organization. |
|Publication Type||Journal Article |
|Year of Publication||2008 |
|Authors||Paredez AR, Persson S, Ehrhardt DW, Somerville CR |
|Journal||Plant physiology |
|Date Published||2008 Aug |
|Keywords||arabidopsis, Arabidopsis Proteins, Benzamides, Cellulase, Cellulose, Chromosome Mapping, Cloning, Molecular, Dinitrobenzenes, Glucosyltransferases, Green Fluorescent Proteins, Membrane Proteins, Microtubules, Mutation, Reproductive Isolation, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Seedling, Sulfanilamides, Tubulin Modulators |
To identify factors that influence cytoskeletal organization we screened for Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) mutants that show hypersensitivity to the microtubule destabilizing drug oryzalin. We cloned the genes corresponding to two of the 131 mutant lines obtained. The genes encoded mutant alleles of PROCUSTE1 and KORRIGAN, which both encode proteins that have previously been implicated in cellulose synthesis. Analysis of microtubules in the mutants revealed that both mutants have altered orientation of root cortical microtubules. Similarly, isoxaben, an inhibitor of cellulose synthesis, also altered the orientation of cortical microtubules while exogenous cellulose degradation did not. Thus, our results substantiate that proteins involved in cell wall biosynthesis influence cytoskeletal organization and indicate that this influence on cortical microtubule stability and orientation is correlated with cellulose synthesis rather than the integrity of the cell wall.</p>
|Alternate Journal||Plant Physiol. |