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Loss of Slc4a1b chloride/bicarbonate exchanger function protects mechanosensory hair cells from aminoglycoside damage in the zebrafish mutant persephone.

TitleLoss of Slc4a1b chloride/bicarbonate exchanger function protects mechanosensory hair cells from aminoglycoside damage in the zebrafish mutant persephone.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsHailey DW, Roberts B, Owens KN, Stewart AK, Linbo T, Pujol R, Alper SL, Rubel EW, Raible DW
JournalPLoS genetics
Volume8
Issue10
Paginatione1002971
Date Published2012
ISSN1553-7404
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Aminoglycosides, Animals, Anion Exchange Protein 1, Erythrocyte, Base Sequence, Cell Membrane, Chromosome Mapping, Drug Resistance, Genotype, Hair Cells, Auditory, Ions, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Neomycin, Reproductive Isolation, Protein Transport, Sequence Alignment, Zebrafish, Zebrafish Proteins
Abstract

<p>Mechanosensory hair cell death is a leading cause of hearing and balance disorders in the human population. Hair cells are remarkably sensitive to environmental insults such as excessive noise and exposure to some otherwise therapeutic drugs. However, individual responses to damaging agents can vary, in part due to genetic differences. We previously carried out a forward genetic screen using the zebrafish lateral line system to identify mutations that alter the response of larval hair cells to the antibiotic neomycin, one of a class of aminoglycoside compounds that cause hair cell death in humans. The persephone mutation confers resistance to aminoglycosides. 5 dpf homozygous persephone mutants are indistinguishable from wild-type siblings, but differ in their retention of lateral line hair cells upon exposure to neomycin. The mutation in persephone maps to the chloride/bicarbonate exchanger slc4a1b and introduces a single Ser-to-Phe substitution in zSlc4a1b. This mutation prevents delivery of the exchanger to the cell surface and abolishes the ability of the protein to import chloride across the plasma membrane. Loss of function of zSlc4a1b reduces hair cell death caused by exposure to the aminoglycosides neomycin, kanamycin, and gentamicin, and the chemotherapeutic drug cisplatin. Pharmacological block of anion transport with the disulfonic stilbene derivatives DIDS and SITS, or exposure to exogenous bicarbonate, also protects hair cells against damage. Both persephone mutant and DIDS-treated wild-type larvae show reduced uptake of labeled aminoglycosides. persephone mutants also show reduced FM1-43 uptake, indicating a potential impact on mechanotransduction-coupled activity in the mutant. We propose that tight regulation of the ionic environment of sensory hair cells, mediated by zSlc4a1b activity, is critical for their sensitivity to aminoglycoside antibiotics.</p>

DOI10.1371/journal.pgen.1002971
Alternate JournalPLoS Genet.